Health and Health-Related Characteristics and the Impact of a COVID-19 Pandemic

Cultural Beliefs and Traditional Medicine

Describe traditional medicine beliefs and practices that relate to illness and health in your population[s] and the role of traditional healers. How would these practices and healers impact the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic? What is the role of Western medicine and practitioners in your country? Is Western medicine accepted or used in conjunction with traditional medicine?

Healthcare System and Delivery

Which agencies in the government focus on health or health care delivery? What is their purpose and/or functions and what would be their role in dealing with a COVID-19 pandemic?

Describe your country’s health care personnel and facilities: Numbers of nurses, physicians, and other health care providers, such as trained community health care workers for outreach. Describe the number and location of hospitals and beds. Is there a system that uses community facilities/clinics for primary care, first level hospitals for emergencies and routine medical and surgical care, and referral or specialist hospitals for complex medical care and surgery?

Determine which organizations/agencies (United Nations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and/or private foundations are active in your selected country and what is their purpose(s). Examples are UNICEF, UNAIDS, Roll Back Malaria, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, CARE, Doctors Without Borders, Save the Children, etc.

Are there sufficient resources in the health care system to cope with a COVID-19 pandemic?

Nurse Education and Nursing Organizations

Describe the number and location of schools that train nurses. Is there a system for accrediting nursing schools? Are there nursing associations and/or organizations that focus on nurse welfare and professional advancement of nurses? See module 3 for websites of nursing organizations (Sigma Theta Tau and International Council of Nurses) that provide links to nursing associations in various countries.

Are there sufficient nursing resources to cope with a COVID-19 pandemic?

Health & Health-Related Characteristics: Impact of a Pandemic